Pallet Lingo

Block Pallet

A type of pallet with blocks between the pallet decks or beneath the top deck.

Chamfered Deck Board

Deckboards with edges of one or two faces beveled, either along the full or specified length of board or between the stringers of blocks, allowing easier entry of pallet jack wheels.

Closed ``Loop`` or Closed Distribution System

Shipping system restricted to moving goods between specified plants and facilities.

Cost per Trip

Average cost of pallet use for a single one-way trip

Drive-Screw Nail

Helically (continuous spiral) threaded pallet nail.

Economic Life

The expected period of time during which an asset remains useful to the average owner. The economic life of an asset could be different than its actual physical life.

Exchange Pallet

A pallet intended for use among a designated group of shippers and receivers where ownership of the pallet is transferred with the ownership of the unit load; common pool pallet.

Expendable Pallet

A pallet intended for a series of handlings during a single trip from shipper to receiver; it is then disposed; see Shipping Pallet.

Fastener

A mechanical device for joining pallet components such as nails, staples, bolts or screws.

Flush Pallet

A pallet with deckboards flush with the stringers, stringer-boards or blocks along the sides of the pallet.

4-Way Notched Heavy Duty Stringer Pallet

A pallet with openings at both pallet ends and along pallet sides sufficient to admit hand-pallet jacks; full four-way entry pallet.

Free Span

The distance between supports in a warehouse rack.

Grocery Industry 4-Way Pallet (GMA)

A four-way pallet is one that allows the forks of a forklift to enter on all four sides. In the case of wood pallets, this enables them to be raised by the stringers and so are best suited for heavier loads.

Handling

A single pick-up, movement and set-down of a loaded or empty pallet.

Hardwood

Wood from broad-leaved species of trees (not necessarily hard or dense).

Life to First Repair

The number of one-way trips of the pallet prior to requiring any repair.

Limited-Use Pallet

A pallet designed for an average of up to 9 trips with an average of 5 handlings per trip in an average environment.

Load Bearing Surface

Actual area of material in contact with and supporting a unit load.

Logistics

The process of planning, implementing, and controlling the efficient, effective flow and storage of goods, services, and related information from point of origin or point of consumption for the purpose of conforming to customer requirements.

Multiple-Use Pallet

A pallet designed for repeated uses for more than one unit load with an average minimum life-to-first repair of 10 trips or more with an average of 5 handlings per trip in an average handling environment.

Notched Stringer

A stringer with two notches spaced for fork-tine entry, (partial four-way entry).

Pallet

A portable, horizontal, rigid platform used as a base for assembling, storing, stacking, handling and transporting goods as a unit load, often equipped with a superstructure.

Pallet Life

The period during which the pallet remains useful, expressed in units of time or in the number of one-way trips.

Quality

Consistent performance of a uniform product meeting the customer’s needs for economy and function.

Repaired Pallet

Pallet with damaged components replaced with new or recycled components in order to reuse it.

Recycled Pallet

A pallet, container or reel that has been used, discarded, salvaged, repaired and which passes through a cycle again.

Rental Pallet

A pallet owned by a third party, different from the actual pallet user.

Returnable/Reusable Pallet

A pallet designed to be used for more than one trip.

Reversible Pallet

A pallet with identical top and bottom decks.

Shipping Pallet

Pallet designed to be used for a single one-way trip from shipper to receiver; it is then disposed.

Single Wing Pallet with Optional Chamfer on Bottom Boards

A pallet with the top deckboards extending beyond the edges of the stringers or stringer-boards with the bottom deckboards flush (if present).

Skid

A pallet having no bottom deck.

Slave Pallet

Pallet, platform or single, thick panel used as a support base for a palletized load in rack-storage facilities or production systems.

Softwood

Wood from coniferous or needle-bearing trees (not necessarily soft or low density).

Trip

Consists of four to six handlings of a pallet.

Wing

Overhang of deckboard end from outside edge of stringer or stringer-board.

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